sudo apt-get install xfapplet
2. Now add the window-applets ppa, and install the window applets
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tsbarnes/misc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnome-window-applets
3. Now using xfapplet, add the two applets at their desired position on the panel ( see screen shots) 4. Now that you have added the applets to the panel. the next step is to disable the window decorations of xfwm4 for maximised windows, in effect removing the title bar. For this we install an app called maximus.
sudo apt-get install maximus
5. Add maximus to the list of auto-started applications . Go to xfce-settings manager. Choose session and startup. Go to autostarted applications and add maximus. 6.Look at the screenshot. Notice the buttons at the extreme right of the panel and the title at the centre. http://xflinux.blogspot.com/2011/01/maximise-vertical-space-in-xfcexubuntu.html
How to add App Menu to the XFCE panel Once everything has successfully installed you’ll need to add the plugin to the top panel on your desktop.
Right-click on an empty part of the top XFCE panel
Choose ‘Panel > ‘Add New Items’ > ‘App Menu plugin’
Move/place the plugin to the right of the ‘Xubuntu menu’ logo http://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2011/11/xfce-global-menu-plugin-gets-a-ppa/
The feral pigeon that we see in our towns and cities today is descended from the Rock Dove (Columba livia), a cliff dwelling bird historically found in coastal regions. The word ‘pigeon’ is actually derived from the Latin word ‘pipio’ which meant ‘young bird’. The word then passed into Old French as ‘pijon’ and from that the English name ‘pigeon’ was derived and is now used the world over as a common name for the Rock Dove. Other common names include ‘domestic pigeon’ and the ‘feral pigeon’. In 2004 British and American Ornithologists officially re-named the bird the Rock Pigeon. Since their initial domestication pigeons have been seen as a cheap source of good meat. The Romans kept pigeons for food as evidenced by the fact that they were familiar with the practice of force feeding squabs in order to fatten the young pigeons faster. Pigeons were especially prized because they would produce fresh meat during the winter months when larger animals were unavailable as a food source.
The feral pigeon mates for life, (but if one is killed the other will seek another mate) and can breed up to 8 times a year in optimum conditions, and will set on two eggs each time. Often older pigeons will lay more than two eggs in a nest. When this occurs the extra eggs should be discarded as two young is all the parents will be able to feed. The frequency of breeding is dictated by the abundance of food available to the parents. The eggs take 18 or 19 days to hatch with both parents incubating the eggs. Young dependent pigeons are commonly known as ‘squabs’.
A squab is a young pigeon from 1–30 days old. Both parents feed the young with a special ‘pigeon milk’ that is regurgitated and fed to the squabs. Each squab can double its birth weight in one day but it takes 4 days for the eyes to open. At approximately 2 months of age the young are ready to fledge and leave the nest. This much longer than average time spent in the nest ensures that life expectancy of a juvenile pigeon is far greater than that of other fledglings. When ready to leave its nest, a squab can sometimes weigh more than its parents.
Ten pairs of pigeons can produce eight squabs each month without being fed by the pigeon keepers. For a greater yield, commercially raised squab may be produced in a two-nest system, where the mother lays two new eggs in a second nest while the squabs are still growing in the first nest fed by their father. Establishing two breeding lines has also been suggested as a strategy, where one breeding line is selected for prolificacy and the other is selected for “parental performance”. Pigeons are also quite territorial about their nesting area. Pigeons co-exist much more harmoniously when each mated pair has two nest boxes of its own. Because pigeons are also territorial about their perch, it is best to ensure that every pigeon in the loft has lots of places to perch. Establishing more than one pen is a strong strategy for raising pigeons. Extra pens allow for the keeping of spare, unmated females and males which can be used to replace mated pigeons which might perish from disease or predation. Because it is sometimes difficult to determine the sex of a young pigeon, it is also handy to have another pen for pigeons that have been weaned but which have not yet given external indications of their sex. Unmated birds however should not be released to feed as they may mate with someone else’s pigeon and take up residence at their cote.
A pigeonnaire (dovecote) can be constructed on the urban compound in an area easily accessible to the garden for the use of the manure if care is taken during planting time as pigeons will feed on your freshly planted seeds. Plans for your pigeonnaire can be found at several on line sites and in “The Have More” book. The major points being that it should have an entrance way that can be converted to one way entry only, room to exercise, usually 8×10 with 8 feet of head room, enclosed with wire mesh or hardware cloth that would prevent snakes from entering, and a small fountain for the pigeons to wash in. This basin would need to be either removable or coverable to limit use to specific times of the day to keep the pigeons from soiling the fountain..
Pigeons also have the advantage in that most urban dwellers ignore them/fail to see them as a food source. With the properly constructed loft pigeons can be released to forage during the day and they will return to roost and care for their young in the evenings.
Although pigeon poo is seen as a major problem for property owners in the 21st Century, it was considered to be a valuable resource in the 16th, 17th and 18th century in Europe. Pigeon poo was a highly prized fertilizer and considered to be more potent than farmyard manure. It was so prized that armed guards were stationed at the entrances to dovecotes (pigeon houses) to keep thieves from stealing it! In England in the 16th century pigeon poo was the only known source of saltpeter, an ingredient of gunpowder and was considered a highly valued commodity as a result. In Iran, where eating pigeon was forbidden, dovecotes were set up and used simply as a source of fertilizer for melon crops and in France and Italy it was used to fertilize vineyards and hemp crops. It can also be used as a tanning agent for certain leathers.
So, self-feeding, easy to raise, with large amounts of fertilizer. Win, win, win!
Fugitive hacker Christopher Doyon, or Commander X, tells why Anonymous ‘might well be the most powerful organization on Earth’
undisclosed location in Canada, watching a reporter and photographer make
their way along a narrow path to join him, away from the prying eyes of
law enforcement.It’s been a few weeks of encrypted emails back and forth, working out the
security protocol to follow for interviewing Doyon, one of the brains
behind Anonymous, now a fugitive from the FBI.Doyon, who readily admits taking part in some of the highest-profile
hacktivist attacks on websites last year — from Tunisia to Orlando, Sony
to PayPal — was arrested in September for a comparatively minor assault on
the county website of Santa Cruz, Calif., where he was living, in
retaliation for the town forcibly removing a homeless encampment on the
courthouse steps.The “virtual sit-in” lasted half an hour. For that, Doyon is facing 15
years in jail.Or at least he was facing 15 years in jail, until he crossed the border
into Canada in February to avoid prosecution, using what he calls the new
“underground railroad” and a network of safe houses across the country.Thanks to his indictment, Doyon is one of the few Anonymous members whose
real name is now publicly known.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange
But as the leader of the People’s Liberation Front — a hacker group allied
with Anonymous — and the second-most wanted information activist after
WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange, he prefers not to show his face, and instead
dons the ubiquitous Guy Fawkes mask, to wear with his Sunday best: a
sweatshirt with the Anonymous calling card, “We do not forgive … We do not
forget.”Terrorists to some, heroes to others, the jury is still out on Anonymous’s
true nature. Known for its robust defence of Internet freedom – and the
right to remain anonymous — Anonymous came in first place in Time
Magazine’s 2012 online poll on the most influential person in the world.Fox News, on the other hand, has branded the hackers “domestic
terrorists,” a role Anonymous has been cast to play in the latest Call of
Duty Black Ops II, in which Anonymous appears as the enemy who takes
control of unmanned drones in the not-too-distant future. (That creative
decision may have put Activision, the creator of the video-game series, at
the top of the Anonymous hit list.) For its part, much of what Anonymous
does and says about itself, in the far reaches of the Internet, cannot be
verified. Nor do all Anons agree on who they are as a group, and where
they are going.— — — — —Q: As strictly an online army of hackers, how powerful is Anonymous?
A: Anonymous is kind of like the big buff kid in school who had really
bad self-esteem then all of a sudden one day he punched someone in the
face and went, “Holy s— I’m really strong!” Scientology (one of
Anonymous’s first targets) was the punch in the face where Anonymous began
to realize how incredibly powerful they are. There’s a really good
argument at this point that we might well be the most powerful
organization on Earth. The entire world right now is run by information.
Our entire world is being controlled and operated by tiny invisible 1s and
0s that are flashing through the air and flashing through the wires around
us. So if that’s what controls our world, ask yourself who controls the 1s
and the 0s? It’s the geeks and computer hackers of the world.Q: What does it mean to be a leader of a leaderless organization?
A: We don’t sit around and elect a president but that doesn’t mean there
aren’t leaders within Anonymous. Naturally Commander X or Barrett Brown or
Peter Fein, whether they have names or are still anonymous, they take a
leadership role and are looked up to. The average Anon is not like me,
working 12 hours a day dedicating their life to this. He’s an IT guy or a
cable installer with a few hours to spare and he wants to be told what to
do. It takes organizers to get things done. Anyone in Anon can be a
spokesperson but my ability to speak is based on how much what I say
squares with the consensus of the collective.Q: It seems like there’s a war going on between hacktivists or information
activists and law enforcement. (At least 40 alleged members of Anonymous
have been arrested around the world in the last year.) Who do you think is
winning right now?
A: I think it’s a stalemate at the moment. I think eventually we’ll win.
I’ve always believed that right will always prevail. But at the moment the
arrests have had a chilling effect on the movement. For a 30-minute online
protest I’m facing 15 years in a penitentiary. For the moment that’s the
only indictment against me but I expect there will be more. And it’s not
just about the potential penalty but it’s the trial itself for which they
delivered a terabyte of discovery. That’s about 150,000 pages for a
30-minute protest. That means my trial will be two years long and during
that time I’m under strict surveillance by the FBI. I can’t access
Twitter, Facebook or IRCs (Internet Relay Chats)– I can’t contact any
known member of Anonymous – who are about 50,000 people around the world.So basically it shuts me down as an activist. Even if I prevail in court,
I’m still shut down for two years. Well, I’m unwilling to do that – and
that’s why I’m Canada. In Syria and Tunisia, Libya, Egypt in Nigeria in
the Ivory Coast, we have saved so many lives I can’t even count –
activists and journalists and bloggers and people who come to us to keep
themselves safe in these extremely hostile environments – and I’m
unwilling to lay that kind of work down.Q: Now that you’re in Canada for the foreseeable future, do you feel
A: Yes. We have a lot of contacts in the Canadian government. We were
well prepared when I came here, we have an underground railway, and safe
houses in Canada. We might be wrong, but our understanding is that the
Canadian government is about equally concerned with Anonymous and the
United States. Their approach will be: “Step lively, don’t stay long, and
you’ll be fine.” So we’re in negotiation with several countries in Europe
to try to get a permanent political asylum situation set up for myself as
well as for any other Anons and information activists who might need it. …
It’s too bad Canada will not find the political courage to protect
information activists from America like they did in the ‘60s with the
draft dodgers. That’s the reality of it, but they will probably not
actively seek to track me down.Q: Do you think the general public is not concerned enough with online
surveillance or real-life surveillance?
A: I think the general public is beginning to learn the value of
information. To give an example, for a very long time nobody in the U.S.
or the world was allowed to know the number of civilian casualties in
Afghanistan or Iraq. There were wild guesses and they were all over the
ballpark figures, until a young army private named Bradley Manning had the
courage to steal that information from the U.S. government and release it.
Now we know that despite their smart munitions and all their
high-technology they have somehow managed to accidentally kill 150,000
civilians in two countries. … As these kinds of startling facts come out,
the public will begin to realize the value of the information and they
will realize that the activists are risking everything for that
information to be public.Q: What do you say to people who believe Anons are just cyber-terrorists?
A: Basically I decline the semantic argument. If you want to call me a
terrorist, I have no problem with that. But I would ask you, “Who is it
that’s terrified?” If it’s the bad guys who are terrified, I’m really
super OK with that. If it’s the average person, the people out in the
world we are trying to help who are scared of us, I’d ask them to educate
themselves, to do some research on what it is we do and lose that fear.
We’re fighting for the people, we are fighting, as Occupy likes to say,
for the 99%. It’s the 1% people who are wrecking our planet who should be
quite terrified. If to them we are terrorists, then they probably got that
‘I think eventually we’ll win. I’ve always believed that right will always
prevail’“Information terrorist” – what a funny concept. That you could terrorize
someone with information. But who’s terrorized? Is it the common people
reading the newspaper and learning what their government is doing in their
name? They’re not terrorized – they’re perfectly satisfied with that
situation. It’s the people trying to hide these secrets, who are trying to
hide these crimes. The funny thing is every email database that I’ve ever
been a part of stealing, from Pres. Assad to Stratfor security, every
email database, every single one has had crimes in it. Not one time that
I’ve broken into a corporation or a government, and found their emails and
thought, “Oh my God, these people are perfectly innocent people, I made a
mistake.”Q: What do you think of the student protests in Quebec?
A: Wherever I go, especially in the last two years, I have found
protests. I had no idea this was going on in Canada and the day I arrived
in Montreal I was in a coffee house downtown on the corner of Ste.
Catherine and St. Hubert. And there was a protest right there at that park
across the street. The entire intersection became inflamed, I watched
police absolutely brutalize these kids, spraying can after can of tear
gas, launching off pop-bang grenades, tear gas grenades, and the worse
thing I saw these kids do, one of them threw a snowball, and one of them
threw an orange rubber cone at these cops. I mean these cops are in full
body armour for God’s sake, that’s not violence. But what was done to
these kids was so violent that the coffee shop manager locked us all into
the coffee shop. Locked the doors while all around us, literally in these
glass windows all around us, we watched the kids get beaten down. Wherever
I go whether Oakland, San Francisco, Montreal, everywhere I go I see the
same stuff. I see people rising up demanding justice and these brutal,
paramilitary police departments being used to crush them and sure, I get
Police officers fire tear gas at student protesters in Montreal, April 20,
Q: Anonymous started out as online pranksters but has gotten a whole lot
more serious in the last two years. What happened? A: I believe Egypt was really a turning point for us emotionally in
Anonymous. Obviously there was always that sort of prankster edge to us.
But people often ask me, “Why are you so mean nowadays?” It started in
Egypt – when you work for days to set up live video feeds and the first
thing you watch through those feeds is people killing your friends with
machine guns – that becomes personal. And then it’s not just Egypt, it’s
Libya, Tunisia, over and over again these Freedom Ops are really what gave
us a sort of take-no prisoners attitude. We get to know these people. It
may not be the same as you and I sitting here, but when you Skype with
people and spend hours and hours talking with them on IRC (Internet Relay
Chat) and they share their hopes and their dreams with you for their
country, their future, when they tell you how they’re risking their lives
so their children can have a better future in some far-off land, you bond
with those people and they become your friends and family.Q. What’s next for Anonymous?
A: Right now we have access to every classified database in the U.S.
government. It’s a matter of when we leak the contents of those databases,
not if. You know how we got access? We didn’t hack them. The access was
given to us by the people who run the systems. The five-star general (and)
the Secretary of Defence who sit in the cushy plush offices at the top of
the Pentagon don’t run anything anymore. It’s the pimply-faced kid in the
basement who controls the whole game, and Bradley Manning proved that. The
fact he had the 250,000 cables that were released effectively cut the
power of the U.S. State Department in half. The Afghan war diaries and the
Iran war diaries effectively cut the political clout of the U.S.
Department of Defence in half. All because of one guy who had enough balls
to slip a CD in an envelope and mail it to somebody.Now people are leaking to Anonymous and they’re not coming to us with this
document or that document or a CD, they’re coming to us with keys to the
kingdom, they’re giving us the passwords and usernames to whole secure
databases that we now have free reign over. … The world needs to be
Recent attacks by AnonymousMay 9 – Anonymous brought down Russian President Vladimir Putin’s website
and the Kremlin’s website to support the country’s protests against
alleged vote tampering during the March elections.May 9 – Anonymous attacked the UN’s official website, accusing it of
ignoring the plight of Palestinian hunger strikers protesting their
detention without trial in Israel.April 24 – Anonymous attacked the Greek finance ministry website to
protest its plans to fight tax evasion by tracking citizens’ bank,
telephone and credit card data.April 20 – Anonymous takes down the Formula One website, for holding the
event in Bahrain, and to support local protesters fighting against the
continued government repression of activists and opposition politicians.April 5 – Anonymous hacks into hundreds of Chinese government websites,
taking down the “Great Firewall of China” and offering tips on how to
bypass government censorship.http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/05/12/insider-tells-why-anonymous-might-well-be-the-most-powerful-organization-on-earth/
Copy me, my brothers, just as I copy Christ himself
— 1 Corinthians 11:1A “Kopimist” or “Kopimist intellectual” is a person who has the philosophical belief that all information should be freely distributed and unrestricted. This philosophy opposes the monopolization of knowledge in all its forms, such as copyright, and encourages piracy of all types of media including music, movies, TV shows, and software.
According to the church, “In our belief, communication is sacred.” No belief in gods or supernatural phenomena is mentioned on their web site. CTRL+C and CTRL+V, the computer shortcut keys for “Copy” and “Paste,” are considered sacred symbols.Kopimism made simple:
All knowledge to all
The search for knowledge is sacred
The circulation of knowledge is sacred
The act of copying is sacred.According to the Kopimist constitution:
Copying of information is ethically right.
Dissemination of information is ethically right.
Copymixing is a sacred kind of copying, moreso than the perfect, digital copying, because it expands and enhances the existing wealth of information
Copying or remixing information communicated by another person is seen as an act of respect and a strong expression of acceptance and Kopimistic faith.
The Internet is holy.
Code is law.
preach it brother!
my favorite george carlin quotes:
If a man smiles all the time, he’s probably selling something that doesn’t work.
The reason they call it the American Dream is because you have to be asleep to believe it.
“No comment” is a comment.
The future will soon be a thing of the past.
Property is theft. Nobody “owns” anything. When you die, it all stays here.
God bless the homicidal maniacs. They make life worthwhile.
Here’s a bumper sticker I’d like to see: “We are the proud parents of a child who’s self-esteem is sufficient that he doesn’t need us promoting his minor scholastic achievements on the back of our car.”
I think it’s the duty of the comedian to find out where the line is drawn and cross it deliberately.
I don’t like to think of laws as rules you have to follow, but more as suggestions.
Think of how stupid the average person is, and realize half of them are stupider than that.
Just think, right now as you read this, some guy somewhere is gettin’ ready to hang himself.
The future will soon be a thing of the past.
Soft rock music isn’t rock, and it ain’t music. It’s just soft.
If it requires a uniform, it’s a worthless endeavor.
i love and miss you george carlin
Whole yellow corn … … … … … . 30.0
Kafir or milo … … … … … … 25.0
Cow peas or field peas … … … … . . 20.0
Hard wheat … … … … … … . . 20.0
Vetch or hempstead … … … … … . 5.0 This feed contains over 14% protein and during warm summer months the corn may be cut down and the kafir increased as it is not necessary to feed heating rations during very warm weather. In addition to the above a mineral mixture—made up as follows—should be fed in a separate feeder:
Medium-sized crushed oyster-shell… … … 40.0
Limestone or granite grit… … … … . 35.0
Medium-sized charcoal… … … … … 15.0
Ground limestonel … … … … … . 5.5
Salt … … … … … … … . . 4.0
Venetian red … … … … … … . 1.0 This mineral mixture is kept before the flock at all times as they will not overeat and no harm can come from their helping themselves to all they require. Of course commercial mixtures of both feed and minerals may be purchased by those who do not care to mix their own: If the birds are fed in a self-feeder, this feeder should be filled at least every other day. Most pigeon fanciers prefer to hand-feed their birds in troughs that are placed inside the pigeon house—usually at the base of the alleyway partition—so that it is not necessary for the attendant to enter the pigeon enclosure. They should be fed twice daily and are given all that they will clean up within an hour after feeding. Of course fresh water is supplied—drinking fountains save time in this regard—and a bathing pan is set in the yard, the water changed daily. Pigeons love to bathe and insist on clean water. Here on Toowoomba, we have a small door leading from the flyway to the outside through which we pass the bathing pans, thus eliminating the need for going into the pen. Squab Sanitation It is difficult to produce squab under any but the most sanitary conditions. The problem is simplified if one is prepared to devote a few minutes each day to the pigeons’ maintenance. Floors of pigeon houses should be of board or concrete construction so that they may be cleaned at least once a week, and flyway floors should be covered with fine gravel so that they may be raked out at least once every ten days. Pigeons are not subject to many diseases. However, the prevention of the diseases that do affect them is much simpler than is their cure. Nests should be cleaned out after each pair of squabs has been butchered, and plenty of clean, coarse straw should be kept on hand so that the pigeons may arrange fresh nests for each setting of eggs. Pigeons that show signs of lice should be dusted with sodium fluoride (we make a practice of doing this twice annually despite the fact that we have never had lice among the birds) and the entire house should be sprayed with some sort of cresol solution at least twice a year. Watering and feeding facilities should be kept clean and leftover feed should not be permitted to collect in the bottom of the feeders as these grains will soon sour and will be detrimental to the flock. Bathing water should be changed daily (for the birds will often drink from their baths) and fresh gravel should be scattered on the floor of the flyway at least twice each year. All this may sound complicated and time consuming. However, the beginner will be amazed at the small amount of time necessary if filth is never permitted to collect. The Finished Product Squabs are at their prime at from 26 to 30 days and should be collected from the nests the evening before butchering. This will permit the craws to empty and will lessen the labor of cleaning. The squabs are usually dry-picked and are butchered before pin feathers have a chance to form under the wings. All body temperature should be removed by placing the picked squabs in cold water and if properly wrapped they will keep in a deepfreeze unit at zero degrees Fahrenheit from 8 to 10 months. Now and then it will be necessary for the pigeon fancier to maintain a few squabs for replacements, or he may wish to increase his number of pairs (as we did) and will want to save some of the young. This is no problem, for the adults will continue to feed the young until they voluntarily leave the nest and begin to eat by themselves. It is wise to keep squabs from the best producers in the flock and to mark them with leg bands while they are still in the nest. It must also be remembered that usually one of the pair of squabs is larger than the other and that the larger one is usually the male. If, then, the larger is marked with one colored band and the smaller with another, the final determination of sex is often facilitated. Should the country dweller produce more squabs than he requires for his personal use he will soon discover that there is a very good market for his surplus. Many pigeon fanciers have developed an excellent local trade for both squabs and breeding-age stock, and the disposal of surplus stock is usually a simple matter. Back in 1949—before factory farming and the “pump ‘em full of chemicals” school of agriculture blitzed the country a fellow named Jack Widmer wrote a little book called PRACTICAL ANIMAL HUSBANDRY. Now that manual wasn’t what you’d call completely exhaustive, the writing style wasn’t the best and a few of the ideas it advanced-such as confining laying hens in cages—were later refined into the kind of automated farming that so many of us are fighting against these days. Still, PRACTICAL ANIMAL HUSBANDRY contained a good deal of basic information that today’s “homesteaders” all too often need and don’t know where to find. I’m pleased, then, that the publisher of the book, Charles Scribner’s Sons, has granted me permission to reprint excerpts from this out-of-print manual. I think that many of my readers will find the following information both interesting and informative.—MOTHER EARTH NEWS. http://www.motherearthnews.com/print-article.aspx?id=64426